The common good is a notion that originated over two thousand years ago in the writings of Plato, Aristotle, and Cicero. More recently, the contemporary ethicist, John Rawls, defined the common good as “certain general conditions that are…equally to everyone’s advantage”. The Catholic religious tradition, which has a long history of struggling to promote the common good, defines it as “the sum of those conditions of social life which allow social groups and their individual members relatively thorough and ready access to their own fulfilment”. In this sense, the common good depends on whether social systems, institutions, and environments are working in a manner that benefits all people. Examples include an accessible and affordable public healthcare system, an effective public safety system, peace among the nations of the world, a fair legal and political system, an unpolluted natural environment, and a thriving economic system. Because such systems, institutions, and environments have such a powerful impact on the well-being of  members of a society, it is no surprise that virtually every social problem in one way or another linked to how well these systems and institutions function

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